What is premenstrual syndrome?
For some women PMS symptoms can be controlled with medications and lifestyle changes such as exercise, nutrition, and a family and friend support system.
The most common mood-related symptoms are irritability, depression, crying, oversensitivity, and mood swings with alternating sadness and anger.
The most common physical symptoms are fatigue, bloating, breast tenderness (mastalgia), acne, and appetite changes with food cravings.
How common is PMS?
When was PMS discovered?
What causes PMS?
What are the symptoms of PMS?
- anger and irritability,
- over sensitivity, and
- exaggerated mood swings.
- bloating (due to fluid retention),
- weight gain,
- breast tenderness,
- sleep disturbances with sleeping too much or too little (insomnia), and
- appetite changes with overeating or food cravings.
How is the diagnosis of PMS made?
What conditions are like PMS?
- cyclic water retention (idiopathic edema),
- chronic fatigue,
- hypothyroidism, and
- irritable bowel syndrome.
How is PMS distinguished from other conditions?
What treatments are available for PMS?
- family and friends can provide emotional support during the time of a woman's cycle;
- avoid salt before the menstrual period;
- reduce caffeine intake;
- quite smoking;
- reduce alcohol intake; and
- reduce intake of refined sugars.
What medications are used to treat PMS?
Can exercise help relieve some of the symptoms of PMS?
Physical activity improves general health and helps relieve nervous tension and anxiety. Exercise is believed to release endorphins. Endorphins contribute to euphoric feelings such as the "runner's high" experienced after prolonged exercise. Endorphins are chemical messengers for nerves (neurotransmitters) that affect mood, perception of pain, memory retention and learning.
Is there a "cure" for PMS?
The first priority is an accurate diagnosis. Other medical or psychological conditions should be identified and treated. Proper diet, exercise and lifestyle changes can help relieve symptoms, and if these measures are not effective, over-the-counter or prescription medications may be indicated.
Most women can control their PMS symptoms successfully so that they do not interfere with their leading healthy and productive lives.